Part One: Sexual concerns
When discussing this issue, it’s important to feel as safe and comfortable as you can…be gentle with yourself.
In particular, you will need to be aware that after breast cancer, your body is different in many ways. You may feel different, and you may respond differently to touch, intimacy, and sexually.
Defining your own meaning of sexuality intimacy is really important: we all have our own ways of defining our sexuality, and you need to feel as ok as possible, to talk about the impact that treatment has had on your ‘sexual self’.
By having an awareness of your sexual story, understanding how your body functions and what affects your sexuality, can help to make you feel more comfortable to talk about what is happening for you. It’s quite common for many people to never have had a conversation about their sexuality or sexual self.
So…regardless of your sexual orientation, be curious about creating an intimate bond with yourself or another, both physically and emotionally, consider all the potential possibilities to enhance your personal and sexual confidence: this is the key to being open to address sexual concerns…the key to honouring your own sexual story and continuing your journey of personal sexual growth.
Common issues after Breast cancer…in no particular order
Discussion of Changes:
The changes to one’s sexuality and sexual function are not always discussed by medical practitioners and Specialists, and when these changes are spoken about, information is often limited, usually being related to fertility and reproductive concerns and not necessarily about sexual desire, libido or sexual intimacy.
Loss of intimacy: (physical and emotional)
… and if there has been a long time between sexual intimacy...there may be a loss of confidence and hesitancy in resuming sexual activity related to fear and anxiety about how you and your partner may feel and respond.
This is often associated with cancer treatment, and can result in painful sexual intercourse, which is called dyspareunia.
Vaginal Atrophy: (thinning of the vaginal tissue)
This can be a challenging ongoing issue to manage as it can make vaginal dryness worse, and may not be remedied with personal lubricants or vaginal moisturisers. Many women and medical practitioners are often wary about the use of topical oestrogens.
Loss and Grieving:
...of sexual activity and sexual self-esteem. This issue can be related to body image changes, menopausal symptoms and confidence.
Sexual response changes:
...such as reduced arousal, loss of libido, difficulty to reach orgasm.
including hot flushes/night sweats, disturbed sleep, poor memory and weight gain, all of which may affect sexual self- esteem, sexual functioning and general wellbeing (quality of life).
Communication about sex:
This can be difficult for couples, especially if they have never broached the subject…and this silence can often be mistaken as a lack of interest or rejection.
It’s important to say that not everyone with breast cancer will experience problems with their sexuality or sexual functioning. It is only considered a problem when it is causing distress for the woman and/or her partner and impacting negatively on their relationship. Sexual difficulties such as low libido, difficulty to orgasm are very common in our society, even for women who are otherwise healthy.
I hope that this conversation so far will help you discover more about yourself, and build on what you would like for your sexuality and intimacy, both as an individual, and if in a relationship, with your partner.
Exploring further will help to create a ‘realistic hopefulness’ – understanding of the reality of the situation, but have some hope for the future.
I believe that the more you know about yourself and how you want to be sexuality can build resilience within yourself and in your relationship. In my next newsletter, I will talk about the 'uniqueness of you', to encourage you to start examining your self-awareness about what your needs and wants are concerning your sexual well-being.
Clinical Sexologist / Counsellor